In a TED Talk called “How AI Could Save (Not Destroy) Education,” Saul Khan (the founder of Khan Academy) states “The most powerful use case, and perhaps the most poetic use case is if AI can be used to enhance HI — human intelligence, human potential and human purpose.”
In this statement, Khan very clearly differentiates artificial intelligence (AI) from human intelligence (HI), noting the value of each.
One aspect that defines HI is emotional intelligence, and in a time when AI is becoming more prevalent and powerful, fostering emotional intelligence within our students becomes even more important as we look to prepare them for success in the future.
Emotional intelligence, often referred to as EI or EQ (emotional quotient), encompasses the ability to recognize, understand, manage, and effectively use emotions in oneself and others. It includes skills such as self-awareness, self-management, social-awareness, and relationship management. While technical skills have long dominated educational curricula, EI is gaining prominence as educators and researchers recognize its profound impact on personal well-being, relationships, and success in an increasingly interconnected world.
As we see the rise of AI reshaping industries, from healthcare to finance, and revolutionizing the way we work and live, our priorities in education should be towards the skills and dispositions that are uniquely human, that machines cannot replicate. While AI can process data at lightning speed and perform complex calculations, it lacks the capacity to understand and navigate human emotions, which remain at the core of human interaction.
Clearly, humans still have the advantage when it comes to emotional intelligence, and this is where our potential lies.
Empathy and Collaboration: In a world where virtual communication often replaces face-to-face interactions, empathy is even more important to maintain meaningful connections. Empathy, a key component of emotional intelligence, allows individuals to understand and resonate with others' feelings. By teaching students to empathize and collaborate, schools nurture a generation capable of building bridges, mediating conflicts, and solving nuanced problems.
Grit, Resilience, and Adaptability: The digital age is marked by constant change and uncertainty. Developing emotional intelligence helps students build resilience and adaptability, enabling them to cope with setbacks and challenges. By teaching them to regulate their emotions, persevere, and problem solve, educators equip students to embrace change and thrive in dynamic environments.
Ethical Decision-Making: Artificial intelligence brings ethical dilemmas that demand thoughtful consideration. Teaching emotional intelligence encourages students to develop a strong moral compass, enabling them to make ethical decisions even in complex situations where AI might be involved. EI empowers individuals to weigh the emotional impact of their choices on themselves and others, considering decisions from a human lens.
Mental Health and Well-being: The prevalence of mental health issues among young people is a pressing concern. Emotional intelligence education equips students with tools to manage stress, anxiety, and challenges. By promoting self-awareness and emotional regulation, schools foster an environment where students can openly discuss their emotions and seek support when needed.
Leadership and Communication: Effective leadership goes beyond technical expertise. It involves the ability to inspire, motivate, and lead teams. Emotional intelligence nurtures strong communication skills, allowing students to convey their ideas persuasively and connect with their peers on a deeper level. These skills are invaluable for future leaders in a world where human interactions drive progress.
AI's Limitations: While AI can process vast amounts of data, it lacks genuine emotional understanding. It can recognize patterns but cannot experience emotions. This limitation underscores the importance of EI as a uniquely human trait. In a future where humans and AI collaborate, emotional intelligence will remain the bridge that connects advanced technology with the nuances of human experience.
Fostering Digital Citizenship: Teaching emotional intelligence in the context of technology encourages responsible digital citizenship. Students learn to navigate online spaces with empathy and respect, fostering inclusive communities in virtual realms.
The rise of artificial intelligence underscores the need to prioritize emotional intelligence education in schools. As AI becomes better able to replace much of the technical work being done, emotional intelligence stands out as the cornerstone of what it means to be human. By nurturing empathy, adaptability, ethical decision-making, mental well-being, leadership, and responsible digital citizenship, schools can truly prepare students to thrive in the future and make a positive impact in the lives of others and in their own, truly leaning into what it means to be human.